Skip to main content

Jefferson Franklin Long (1836-1901)

@ New Georgia Encyclopedia

Hardwick, Grace


Encyclopedia article about Jefferson Franklin Long. Georgia's first African American congressman and the first African American to speak on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives, Jefferson Franklin Long was born into slavery on March 3, 1836, in Alabama to a slave mother and a white father. By the 1840 U.S. census he was listed as a slave in the household of James C. Loyd, a tailor with modest land holdings in Knoxville, in Crawford County, Georgia. During the 1850s the Loyd family moved from Knoxville to Macon, taking Long with them. Not long after their arrival they sold Long to Edwin Saulsbury, a prominent businessman.
If you wish to use content from the NGE site for commercial use, publication, or any purpose other than fair use as defined by law, you must request and receive written permission from the NGE. Such requests may be directed to: Permissions/NGE, University of Georgia Press, 330 Research Drive, Athens, GA 30602.
View Original At:

Record Contributed By

New Georgia Encyclopedia

Record Harvested From

Digital Library of Georgia